2 edition of examination of the exploitation of water as a natural resource in the Middle East conflict. found in the catalog.
examination of the exploitation of water as a natural resource in the Middle East conflict.
Fiona M.S Brocklesby
Dissertation(MA Legal Studies) - University of East London,1997.
Given water's growing ability to redefine interstate relations, the success of future efforts to address water sharing and distribution will hinge upon political and strategic approaches to this diminishing natural resource. Approaching Crisis: Water Resources in the Middle East. In the Middle East, water resources are plummeting. This publication presents an overview of Middle East water resources in areas of Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian interest. Areal and site-specific hydrologic, meteorologic, and geologic data provided by water-resources agencies of the region are presented to allow a broad depiction of the overall water conditions in the region.
Water is a finite and limited resource in the Middle East of inestimable value. As such, competition for control of rivers, basins, and valleys with water flow is inevitable. Due to this, long-term peace between Israel and its neighbors, Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon will be partially contingent on the allocation of freshwater. Opinion - SINCE the first commercial production of oil in Nigeria in , it has signalled the beginning of a profound transformation of Nigeria's political and economic landscape. Since the.
They open their book by noting that various commentators have predicted that conflicts over water are increasingly possible in the Middle East. Dolatyar and Gray argue, on the contrary, that conflict is unlikely and that increasing scarcity will lead the countries to "coordinated, cooperative, and conciliatory arrangements" (p.9). The Middle East has always had a rich abundance of natural resources, although which resources are coveted and valued has changed over time. Today, abundant petroleum fields dominate the area's.
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The Middle East is a region of international concern and political unrest. This book forms a complete reference to both the hydrological as well as the social, economic, political and legal issues in the region and shows how water shortages threaten the renewal of military conflicts and disruption in the area.
With resources over-extended due to natural and human causes, the book analyses the. With resources over-extended due to natural and human causes, the book analyses the river basins of the Euphrates, Tigris, Nile and Jordan and provides detailed study of the hydrology, hydrography and geography of these river basins; it also analyses the needs of the economies and societies of the countries bordering these by: In Water Resources in the Middle East: Israel-Palestinian Water Issues - From Conflict to Cooperation leading Palestinian, Israeli and international water experts document the importance of mutual understanding, respect and amity among peoples during a difficult period of stress.
This book demonstrates hope, optimism and the belief that people with good will can help contribute to peace and mutual cooperation in solving shared water problems. ‘Conflict over water resources in the Middle East is nothing new.
It goes back at least 5, years to the earliest civilisations in Mesopotamia. Today, factors such as increasing environmental scarcity and the construction of new dams and other water infrastructure, as seen in the countries sharing the Tigris and Euphrates rivers, further.
The fonner Egyptian Minister of State for Foreign Affairs and fonner UN Secre tary General, Butros Butros Ghali stated after the second Gulf War "The next war in the Middle East will not be fought for oil, but for water.
" This famous statement has been echoed by many politicians: shortly before. This chapter briefly reviews the literature on water resources and conflict, focuses on the role urbanization may play in exacerbating future conditions of water scarcity, and then discusses water resource conflicts in the context of the relationship between Israel and the Palestinians.
Water resource issues are critical in the Middle East. Not only is the region located in the arid zone, but it is experiencing increasing pressures on its scarce water resources, pressures that could erupt into serious conflict.
Water ownership, management, and use are among the most critical problems confronting the modern Middle East. These water problems have become interwoven with deep‐seated political, demographic, economic, and even religious conflicts, making it difficult to isolate technological and legal issues that, on their own, might be equitably resolved.
The Middle East and North Africa region is particularly vulnerable to climate change because of its already scarce water resources, the high levels of aridity, and the long coastal stretch.
Adaptation to the impacts of climate change must start from now to build up the resilience of the affected countries and communities within. The exploitation of high-value natural resources, including oil, gas, minerals and timber has often been cited as a key factor in triggering, escalating or sustaining violent conflicts around the.
Finally, Ismail Serageldin, vice president of the World Bank, declared in that "the wars of the next century will be over water". These statements are typical of the atmosphere reigning in the Middle East and in several other places around the world concerning the issue of international fresh water resources.
Being an arid country, with desert covering more than half of its land, water resources in Israel and Palestine mimic that of other areas in the Middle East. Israel acquires about 40 percent of its water from the Sea of Galilee which is in Israel's pre borders. Discussions of transboundary water issues in regions of the developing world other than the Middle East have tended to focus on development potential and poverty reduction.
However, with respect to the Middle East, much of the media coverage and a sizable portion of scholarly writing have been devoted to “water conflicts.” Given the current amount of water available per capita, the high.
The control of water resources in the Middle East was not only a primary cause of basic tribal warfare, but it was also a fundamental contributing factor for armed conflict between ancient nation-states and empires.1 The river water resources in the Middle East have been, are, and will continue to.
Water availability has for millennia shaped the culture of the people in the part of the world now commonly referred to as the Middle East and North Africa.
This huge region extends from the Maghreb, comprising Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, and sometimes Mauritania, into the Mashriq, comprising. Water Conflict in the Middle East Dr. Ghazi Ismail Rababa’a Head Department of Political Science International Islamic University of Science P.O.
Box () – Amman Amman – Jordan Abstract This study aims at shedding light on the most important challenges of water in the Middle East. COVID Resources.
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Stimson staff on transboundary natural resource issues. It is one dimension of the work of the Regional Voices: Transnational Challenges project, which also includes climate change and river systems, maritime resources and security, and the relationship between Islam and politics in the Middle East, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Africa.
Water conflict in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) primarily deals with three major river basins: the Jordan River Basin, the Tigris-Euphrates River Basin, and the Nile River Basin.
The MENA region covers roughly million square km. There are three major deserts in the MENA region: The Sahara Desert, comprising large sections of Libya and Egypt. ISBN: OCLC Number: Notes: "Published in cooperation with the Middle East Research Institute, University of Pennsylvania"--Cover.
Watershed describes the water crisis faced by Israel and the Occupied Palestinian Territories today — a crisis that will have much to do with the design and the success of the current peace proposals. The authors examine the geopolitics of water in the region, the economic importance, problems of water supply and water quality, and regional conflicts over water.
Addressing water needs from a geographical perspective, the contributors to this book analyze and assess the impact of scarce water resources in the Jordan River basin countries and territories (Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Palestine, and Syria) Reviews: 2.Natural Resources as a Source of Conflict in the Middle East A Discussion of Islamic Fundamentalism’s Resistance to the Effects of Modernization on Oil and Water By Alanna C.
Torres Thesis submitted to the Department of Religious Studies, Pitzer College in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Bachelor of Arts Ap